François mitterrand date de naissance

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Born:October 26, 1916France...(Show more)Died:January 8, 1996 (aged 79)ParisFrance...(Show more)Title / Office:president (1981-1995), France...(Show more)Political Affiliation:Socialist Party...(Show more)

François Mitterrand, in full François-maurice-marie Mitterrand, (born Oct. 26, 1916, Jarnac, France—died Jan. 8, 1996, Paris), politician that served two terms (1981–95) ont president du France, top his country to closer political and economic integration with western Europe. The tons socialist to hold auto office, Mitterrand exit leftist economic policies beforehand in his presidency et generally ruled oui a realistic centrist.

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The son du a stationmaster, Mitterrand learned law et political scientifique in Paris. Nous the outbreak ns World war II, cette enlisted in auto infantry et in célibataire 1940 to be wounded et captured passant par the Germans. After escaping from a prison camp in late 1941, hey worked with thé collaborationist Vichy government—a fact that go not come to be publicly known until 1994—before joining thé Resistance in 1943.

Mitterrand moved at oz to carry out je vous demande pardon appeared à be the voters’ mandate. He named as prime minister a longtime Socialist militant,...

In 1947 cette became a cabinet minister of the fourth Republic in the syndicat government de Paul Ramadier, having actually been elected to the intérieur Assembly auto previous year. End the prochain 12 years, Mitterrand held pièce posts in 11 short-lived 4th Republic governments.

Originally rather centrist in his views, cette became an ext leftist in politics, and from 1958 cette crystallized abondance to auto regime du Charles de Gaulle. In 1965 cette stood against aux Gaulle oui the sole candidat of thé socialist and communist left for the français presidency, collecting 32 percent ns the vote et forcing du Gaulle right into a runoff election.

After his election as first secretary ns the Socialist Party in 1971, Mitterrand started a surtout party reorganization, which greatly increased that is electoral appeal. Return Mitterrand was beat in his seconde presidential bid, in 1974, his strategy de making auto Socialist Party auto majority party of the left while still allied with auto Communist Party directif to thé upset Socialist win of may 10, 1981, when cette defeated thé incumbent president, veau Giscard d’Estaing. Mitterrand referred to as legislative choisir soon after his victory, and a new left-wing bulk in the denchères Assembly permitted his compton minister, roche Mauroy, to effect auto reforms Mitterrand had promised. This measures included nationalizing jae won institutions and key industrial enterprises, elevating the le minimum wage, increasing social benefits, and abolishing the death penalty. In étranger policy Mitterrand supported a fairly hard view toward the Soviet Union and cultivated good relations with auto United States.

Mitterrand’s socialist economic policies caused increased inflation and other problems, soja in 1983 the government began to cut spending. By the end de Mitterrand’s first term in office, the Socialist Party had abandoned socialist plans in toutes les personnes but name and essentially had adopted free-market liberalism. In 1986 auto parties de the best won a majority of seats in the intérieur Assembly, and so Mitterrand had à ask one of the leaders ns the right-wing majority, Jacques Chirac, to be his prime minister. Under this unprecedented power-sharing arrangement, known ont “cohabitation,” Mitterrand retained responsibility for foreign policy. Hey soundly defeated Chirac in auto presidential élection of 1988 et thus secured to autre seven-year term.

The newly reelected Mitterrand again called elections, et the Socialists regained a working bulk in the denchères Assembly. His seconde term was marked de vigorous essai to promote europe unity and to prevent German economic domination du France de binding both nations into solid European institutions. Mitterrand was thus a top proponent of the Treaty nous European union (1991), which provided à la a central European bank system, a usual currency, et a unified foreign policy.

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Mitterrand was less successful in residential matters, specifically in coping v France’s persistently high joblessness rate, which had risen to 12 percent by 1993. In 1991 cette appointed thé socialist Edith Cresson to be prime minister; she became the first woman in français history venir hold the office. Auto Socialist Party experienced a crushing loss in the legislative choisir of 1993, and Mitterrand spent the last deux years of his seconde term working through a centre-right government under compton Minister Edouard Balladur.