LA TÊTE D HENRI IV

Henri IV go not oui a easy time. As King of Navarre, cette was continually warring. Ont heir venir the français throne, plenty of were versus him and wanted venir prevent the from taking the throne. As then king of France, jambe were no easier pour him. Then cette got assassinated and mysteriously mourir his head practically 200 years later. How did the happen?

*
Henri IV

Nobody yes, really knows. Le bon Roi Henri did a lot parce que le France throughout his time ont King et among différent things, cette ended thé war between Catholics and Huguenots et gave the latter the right do follow their spiritual beliefs. Some encore remembered that fondly parce que le it during auto infamous Reign ns Terror of the français Revolution, ont statues de Kings et Queens were pulled down all over France et the signs ns anything royalistes destroyed, ont nobel and royal heads rolled…

…but the Reign de Terror fabriquer no exceptions. In 1793, cette moved to royalistes tombs of the Basilique ns Saint-Denis, the traditional funeral place ns the kings of France, that rested there through their Queens and families. The crypts were opened, the tombs destroyed, the bodies removed from your lead coffins, which to be meant to be recycled and turned into ammunition. Auto bodies were stripped of anything valuable, like brooches, rings, shoe buckles, et then tossed right into a mass sérieuse next to the old Basilique. Climate they were extended with quicklime, meant to obliterate whatever was left of them.

Vous lisez ce: La tête d henri iv

Henri IV got a special treatment, before he was tossed right into said fixed grave. They took his corps out et put cette on display parce que le two days… and somehow, it seems, his head went missing then.

Nobody knows once that happened et how it happened. In 1817, during the Bourbon Restoration, louis XVIII ordered his ancestors must be returned to their se réconcilier burial place. Thé mass sérieuse was opened, marqué it was pas possible to identify who to be who, since there to be not much left. All bones the were gathered from the mass grave, were went back to the crypt et buried together in a ossuary of le noir marble.

That is when auto talk ns Henri IV having lost his head began. Follow to auto notes fabriqué back then, three of the bodies were absent their ‘upper’ halves and some took that à mean the three ns them were nai pas head. This in turn, started talk of comment Henri IV’s remains had been mistreated throughout his two days conditions météorologiques display. Over there was speak of it being cut into pieces with swords et of some doctor, that waved a severed head by the massive grave. Yet, there is nothing dating to auto time ns destruction du the tombs, mentioning that the remains of le amende roi Henri had been beheaded.

*
Photograph taken du the mummified head in 1933

A good hundert year later, in 1919, objects du the workshop of Emma Nallet-Poussin, a sculptor and painter, to be put parce que le auction. Amongst those objects, were 3 mummified heads.

Joseph-Emile Bourdais, who sometimes acted ont a second-hand dealer, bought them parce que le 3 Francs. Monsieur Bourdais come across année article in auto Gazette des arts part years later, which fabriquer him think that one ns those top is the head of Henri IV. He was rather thrilled par it et spent the rest of his life, attempting à prove to auto world that cette was in possession du la diriger d’Henri IV. Monsieur Bourdais invested a whole beaucoup of money on it, had pictures taken, x-rays and casts done, et published two brochures to prove his vaste discovery. In vain.

The authenticity de the head to be doubted passant par the learned folks. Monsieur Bourdais put the head nous display in his home, climate in a small museum, climate wanted it to be displayed at thé Louvre, the structure Parisian residence du the rois of France, marqué the persienne also questioned auto authenticity. There was hardly anyone that believed the poor monsieur Bourdais. Even-though hey also had an explanation parce que le how thé head went lacking in the sapin place. Hey launched thé theory, de a Swiss Guard having acquired auto head during thé Reign ns Terror and this Swiss Guard then sold auto skull venir the quartier d’Erbach, that was a an excellent collector and kept thé head at his German castle, until ce found its method back to france via Napoleon’s youngest brother jérôme Bonaparte, king of Westphalia. 

Monsieur Bourdais thought to auto very finish that he found the missing tête d’Henri IV. Hey was sauce soja sure, that hey ordered a la peinture of him and the mummified head was à be put nous his grave ont he died in 1946. à his death, it was encore his wish for the head to be inserted in a museum, but tous refused. Thus auto head ended up in possession du his sister, grand-mère Gaillard. Elle kept cette until 1955. 

A certain Jacques Bellanger heard du the whole thing et acquired the head from madame Gaillard pour 5,500 Francs, roughly 115€ today. Monsieur Bellanger, quite the history buff, wasn’t sure je vous demande pardon to do with the head… thus cette put it in a pièce on his attic and there, rested auto supposed head du Henri IV until 2010. 

*
A year earlier, in 2009, auto journalists stephane Gabet et Pierre Belet, having actually heard de the story, started à work nous a documentary called ns mystère aux la tête d’Henri IV. To illustration out je vous demande pardon happened venir the corps of Henri IV et whether his head was perdu or not, they contacted auto historian Jean-Pierre Babelon. Monsieur Babelon, that was in revendiqué of thé domaine national aux Versailles in auto past, called them that some time ago, hey was contacted by a collector, who claimed to own thé missing head of one du France’s biggest Kings. The journalists managed to track the collector, prof Bellanger, down et persuaded him venir entrust thé mysterious mummified head to someone trust-able, so it can be analysed in order venir confirm if it really is that ns Henri du Navarre, the tons Bourbon roi of France… et who can possibly be more trust-able venir take an excellent care ns it, than a family member de the an excellent King?

The mummified head to be entrusted à Louis de Bourbon, paon d’Anjou, aka louis XX, in 2010 and placed in a vault du a Parisian bank. (I aller not know comment familiar you toutes les personnes are with auto whole légitimiste vs orléaniste issue. Basically if france would revenir to be a Kingdom, leaving auto Napoleon sortir aside à la the moment, there are deux Bourbon Messieurs claiming the throne. Une is Louis aux Bourbon aka louis XX, the other is jeans d’Orléans aka blue jeans IV. Their family tree meets at luigi XIII, auto first descendance from louis XIV passant par le grand Dauphin via philip V ns Spain, auto latter descendants from Philippe d’Orléans. It’s tous rather complicated et quite a sensitive topic for some. Je meant to aller a post on it, but did not aller it yet, due to the fact that I’m fear I’m not entirely neutral conditions météorologiques the matter… that being said, vive le roi blue jeans IV.)

Originally, ce was planned to bury auto head, si it was certainly that de Henri IV, at Saint-Denis once ce had to be analysed… cible until today ce is not rather clear who auto head belong to. Une side argues cette is indeed the mourir head of le roi Henri, the différent side challenges it.

During the first examination, excellent in 2010, carbon date was done, which put the head somewhere between 1450 and 1650. Henri IV was frontière in 1553 et died in 1610. Thé examination concluded that thé head to be separated indigenous the corps long after the death, which provides sense considering thé head was separated native the corps humain in 1793. Anthropological apprendre concluded, the age, thé sex and the ethnicity match oui well. Henri IV is shown with a grain de beauté, a birthmark, nous some paintings and also the mummified head has a similar one. Whoever auto head belonged to, might ont worn a earring at times et there is une engraving reflecting Henri IV wearing a pearl earring… but that was done in 1640, so longue after his demise. The mummified head spectacles a bone lesion at the mouth, prefer the one Henri IV had actually suffered in an assassination effort in 1594… cible documents of the time, state ce was a wound at auto upper lip on the appropriate side et the mummified head shows a bone lesion conditions météorologiques the left side. Hair colour, remains du beard et moustache, ajuster Henri IV, but back in thé days it was a an extremely common style.

Voir plus: École De Police En France - Devenir Policier, Dans La Police Nationale

*
Engraving ns the 1594 assassination attempt by Jean Châtel.

It was discovered that auto owner de the head, seul had 4 this left at thé time du his demise et that auto neck spectacles signs du a write-up mortem. Thé mummified head was contrasted with auto death mask du Henri IV, i beg your pardon is retained at the une bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève, and similarities were discovered. Ce was likewise discovered that auto mummified head was in contact with plaster at part point, like cette happens when creating a death mask, marqué the traces de plaster found, date to the 20th century et not auto 17th century.

The head spectacle sign ns embalming and has to be in la communication with bandages. According à reports native 1793, Henri IV’s remains were bandaged et those bandages then removed.

So, there room some things that hint it might be la tête d’Henri IV et some fémoral that contradict it. For this reason the life examination, was conveniently challenged and a dispute arose over how Henri IV was embalmed among divers things. There was no DNA experimentation done earlier then.

A sample from auto throat of the mummified head was taken in 2012 venir extract DNA. The extracted DNA was then compared à a sample DNA ns Louis XVI, Henri’s great-great-great-great-great grandson. The Louis xvie sample originates from a handkerchief, which was dipped in the blood dripping native the guillotine that attach Louis xvi in 1793. The handkerchief to be then retained in a gourd by année Italian noble family. According à that study, auto DNA samples matched. (Which would likewise mean that Louis xiv could not possible ont been fathered par Cardinal Mazarin.) This result was again challenged quickly…

Starting currently with auto fact, the scientist can not rather agree si the du sang on the handkerchief is actually that of Louis XVI or not. (Google ‘blood du Louis XVI’ et you will have a accentue of entries claiming one of two people that ce is or is no authentic.) Then est différent DNA tests with relatives de Henri IV to be done and did no match. DNA tests comparing the handkerchief DNA with DNA de Bourbon relatives, go not match either. These outcomes were, du course, challenged too… and so it goes on et on and on.

The issue is no clear until today. Thé mysterious mummified head maintained in the vault ns a Parisian banque might certainly be that du le super roi Henri.

Voir plus: Test Pcr Vol Interne France Health & Safety Measures, Covid 19 Questions

.. Jaune not. Maybe we will discover out one day, si Henri IV really mourir his head during the french Revolution or si the entirety thing is fiction and whoever carried auto mummified head once conditions météorologiques his shoulders was just some bad lad.