POÉSIE JEAN DE LA FONTAINE

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Vous lisez ce: Poésie jean de la fontaine

Jean du La bon (1621-1695)

French poet, whose Fablesrank among thé masterpieces of world literature, marqué on his fatality bedLa bon regretted ever before having written his tales. In his own time LaFontaine was considered a vagabond, dreamer, et lover du pleasure. Arustic character, he never was a real courtier and drifted happy fromone chef to another. Because ns the universal nature of his fables,La Fontaine"s poems about industrious ants, brave lions, and carefreegrasshoppers are calmer widely read. Thé first chercheur demploi of the allége La bon dedicated to auto Dauphin, thé grandson of LouisXIV, à la his instruction.

Never sell the bear"s skin beforeone has actually killed auto beast. (Fables "L"Ours et das deux Compagnos")

Jean du La fontaine was frontière in Ch�teau-Thierry, Champagne, incentral France, thé son de a government official. In his youth hey readsuch writers oui Fran�ois Rabelais (1494?-1553), Fran�ois ns Malherbe(1555-1628), et Honor� d"Urf� (1568-1625). He went to parisien to studymedicine et theology, cible was drawn to thé whirls of social life. Itwas not until the end ns his sapin that he became interested inreligion: spiritual rituals bored him.

La bon was qualified as alawyer marqué he returned page daccueil in 1647 and assisted his father, asuperintendent ns forests. He held a number of federal government posts, whichdid no pay lot money. Terribly absent-minded, cette once attendedthe burial of one of his friends, et sometime after that went venir visithim. On hearing about his death, hey said, "It is true enough! Fornow ns recollect je went to his funeral."

In 1647LaFontaine married marie H�ricart, année heiress; thé marriage to be unhappyand castle separated in 1658. Deciding to become a famed writer, LaFontaine beganto spent his temps in literary circles through Moli�re(1622-1673) and others.Afterleaving his family and moving venir Paris, hespent over there his mostcreative years. Letters à his wife stayed in his family and wereunpublished durin his lifetime. After the death ns Madame du LaFontaine, a selection of letters showed up in Oeuvres diverses aux M. Du la Fontaine ns l"Acad�mie fran�oise (1729).

La fontaine had number of patrons, amongst them Nicolas Fouquet(1615-1680), année influential statesman and the superintendent offinance, who was later arrested in 1661, accused du embezzlement andtreason, and sentenced to first imprisonment – the young King, LouisXIV, remained in favor of a death sentence. With the help ns Fouquet,Fontaine received a petit pension with easy terms: hey had à write onlyfour poems in a year. When Fouquet to be imprisoned, La bon composedone ns his most beautiful poems, questioning mercy for hisdisgracedpatron, deserted by toutes les personnes others. To avoid arrest, La bon left Parisandresided some temps in Limousin, native where hey wrote letter tohis wife.

From 1664 venir 1672 La fontaine served oui a gentleman-in-waitingtothe dowager duchess d"Orl�ans in Luxemburg, and from 1673 he was amember of the household du Mme aux La Sabliere. In 1683 hey was electedto the Academie Fran�aise in recognition ns his contribution to Frenchliterature. In his welcome speech thé director du the Acad�mie told LaFontaine that cette should currently glory in auto King and have "no otherpurpose than the eternity of his name." therefore in 1687 les Fontainepraised the roi in a poem: "He wishes à conquer Error: thé / workadvances, / cette is done; and the fruit du his / countless successes / Is thatthe truth reigns with / out France, / et France throughout the /universe."

ALa Fontaine"s other surtout works include contes et actualité en vers(1664), a circonscriptions of tales borrowed from Italian sources, tales ofBoccaccio, Rabelais, et other medieval et renaissance masters, et Les Amours du Psych� et Cupidon(1669). Thé "Contes" often threatened to get La bien in troublewith both Church et the Academie because ns its daring content. Thestories encountered marital misdemeanors and love affairs et were notwritten pour readers who blushed easily. They go through four editionsduring la Fontaine"s lifetime, marqué the last edition, publishedposthumously, was banned by the authorities because ce was consideredtoo obscene.

Les fable choisies, misesen vers,usually referred to as "La fontaine Fables," were published over auto last 25years de his life. The first volume,which come out when theauthor to be 47, consists of some 240 poems and timeless histoires ofcountryfolk, heroes indigenous Greek mythology, and familiar bête from thefables of Aesop, indigenous which La fontaine unhesitatingly obtained hismaterial. Every tale has actually a moral – année instruction how to behavecorrectly jaune how life should be lived. In the seconde volume les Fontainebased his tales nous stories from Asia et other places.

La Fontaine"s allége were marked par his amour of rural first andbelief in moral hedonism. Lock were commonly translated et imitatedduring thé 17th et 18th centuries all over Europe, et beyond. Bernardde Mandeville"s translation, which consisted of 29 allége and waspublished in 1703, to be the life attempt to make ns Fontaine"s workavailable à English readers. Thé complete Fablesby Robert Thomson showed up in 1806. Cette was followed de Elizur Wrigh"srendering de the allégories (1841) and Walter Thornbury"s translation(1867-70), published de Cassell in 37 unité with auto illustrations ofGustave Dor�.

Read recently mainly by children – or passant par teachers for theirclasses– the original amoral attitude of the fable has been forgotten. Thisrealistic page was still noticed by Jean-Jacques rousseau (1712-1778)who taken into consideration them unfit parce que le pedagogy. In America, the douane ofthe city fable ongoing in Joel Chadler Harris" Uncle Remus: HisSongs and His Sayings(1880). At the age of 71 La bon became ill, et he started tothink seriously about his life. He translated the Psalms, wore a hairshirt, et again adopted Catholicism. This new role did not convincehis friends, whom hey had oncesaid the pleasure is one"s "primaland congenital good."

La fontaine died in Paris nous April 13, 1695.Before his fatality La bien was encouraged de his abb� à condemnpublicly his indecent stories. "Stop tormenting him; he"s much morestupid than wicked," said auto writer"s housekeeper, but La Fontaineobeyed thé advice and also shed a comedy hey had seulement composed.

assist yourself, and heaven will helpyou.
(Fables "Le Chartier Embourbe") the reason ns the strongest is always thebest. (Fables "Le un loup et l"Agneau") A hungry stomach has non ears.

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(Fables "LeMilan et le Rossignol) In all matters one must consider the end.(Fables "Le Renard et le Bouc")

In fable choisier, catastrophique en vers(Selected Fables, set in Verse, 1668, 1678-16679, 1694) ns Fontaineviewed life et society ironically. De means ns animal signs andwitty dialogues, written in colloquial turns ns speech, hey examineddifferent social types, ambitions, vices et virtues. "Sometimes Ioppose, passant par a double d’image / Vice et virtue, foolishness and goodsense, / thé Lambs to the violent / wolves, / thé Fly to the Ant:making ns this job-related / an ample comedy in a hundred various acts / Ofwhich the scene is the / universe." However, la Fontaine"s allége arenot seul meant à la moral lessons, cible also montrer the pleasure de tellingand mastery du a an excellent variety de tones. Animal les données gave LaFontaine sufficient freedom to éliminer himself indigenous contemporary,inflammable issues. Several of the fables were based nous the Decameron, Cent nouvelles nouvelles, and the Middle ages andrenaissance tales. Because their appearance, auto Fableshave been illustrated de a num of artist from various countries,including goûter Dor�, marque Chagall, et Salvador Dal�.

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For additional reading: ns vie ns La bien by L.Roche (1913); L"Art du La bien by F.Gohin (1929); Les allége de les Fontaineby R. Bray (1929); Les cinq tentations de La bon by J. Giraudoux (1938); her Poems and fables from LaFontaine par Marianne Moore (1940); The saint of ns Fontaine"s fable by J.D. Biard (1966); Concordance venir the allége andTales ns Jean de La bon by J. Tyler(1974); les Fontaine et His Friends; ABiography de Agnes Ethel MacKay (1976); thé Fable ont Literature byH.P. Blackham (1985); la honte of thé Text: Reading and Writing inLa bien by michael Vincent (1992); Lectures du La bien byJules Brody (1994); Refiguring les Fontaine: Tercentenary Essays, ed. By anne L. Birberick (1996); fables in Frames: LaFontaine and Visual culture in Nineteenth-Century France par Kirsten H. Powell (1997); le Po�te et le Roi: Jeande La bon en son si�cle by Marc Fumaroli (1997) - See also: Ivan Krylov

Selected works:

L"Eunuque, 1654 (from thé play passant par Terence) Adonis, 1658 - Adonis (translated from auto French by David M. Glixon, 1957) les Rieurs de Beau-Richard, 1659-60? (ballet, in Oeuvres,1827) �l�gie de nymphes du Vaux, 1661 Ode venir roi, 1663 relation d"un voyage aux Paris en Limousin, 1663 - journey from paris to the Limousin: Letters venir Madame ns La fontaine (translated et edited de Robert W. Berger, 2008) le songe du Vaux, 1665 les Amours de Psych� et ns Cupidon, 1669 - thé Loves de Cupid and Psyche; in Verse and Prose (translated passant par JohnLockman, 1744) fable nouvelles, et est différent po�sie, 1671 Recueil du poësies chrestiennes und diverses. Dedié à monseigneur ns prince de Conty, 1671-1679 (3 vols.) Po�me du la captivit� du saint Malc, 1673 Po�me ns Quinquina et est différent ouvrages en vers, 1682 discours en vers, 1684 Ouvrages ns prose et aux po�sie, 1685 (2 vols., with Abb�Fran�ois de Maucroix) Astr�e, 1691 (play, prod 1691, music par Pascal Colasse) Œuvres posthumes, 1696 Oeuvres diverses aux M. Aux la Fontaine du l"Acad�mie fran�oise, 1729 Œuvres complettes, précédées d’une nouvelles notice d’environ sa vie, 1814 (6 vols.) Opuscules in�dits ns La Fontaine, 1820 Œuvres inédites de J. Du La Fontaine avec diverses pièces en je en prose lequel lui ont été attribuées recuillies convectif la premièrefois, 1863 Œuvres du J. Du La Fontaine, 1883-92 (11 vols., edited de H. DeRegnier) Œuvres, 1927-29 (10 vols., ed. Jeans Longnon) Œuvres: fables, contes, et nouvelles; Œuvres diverses,1942-54 (2 vols., edited by Ren� Groos, Jacques Schiffrin, et PierreClarac) Lettres de la bien � sa femmes ou relier d"un voyage de Paris en Limousin, 1966 (ed. Ange-Marie Claudel) des lettres � sa femme. Voyage du Paris en Limousin, 1995 (preface passant par Michel Mourlet) Œuvres: la source et postérité d’Esope à l’Oulipo, 1995(édition établie und présentée par André Versaille; préface deMarc Fumarol) contes et actualité érotiques, 1995 (suivi d’un petitglossaire ns langage érotique utilisé par Monsieur aux La bon parJean-Paul Morel)

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