Tous ça ou tout ça

“All” is a word nous don’t offer much thought to in day-to-day English, cible it has different roles in thé above sentences.

Vous lisez ce: Tous ça ou tout ça

To exprimer these concepts in French, however, you’ll need to à savoir allabouttout,its variants and its usages.

You’re going à want to express this ideaallthe time—so it is really significativement to start discovering these native now. All shall be clean soon.

Check out this essential instruire to French’stout,touts,tous,toute andtoutes.

Download: This blog article is available oui a convenient and portable PDF the youcan take it anywhere. Click right here to volonté a copy. (Download)


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Tout vs. Tous: the Basics

First fémur first: quel does tout mean? Well, as I’m sure elle noticed,toutis one du the most common words in the french language, and it means “all” or “every.” In many instances, however,toutcan it is in used venir mean “very.”

That’s no all. Gift one du the most usual words in the français language, ce has many variants that serve diverse purposes. One de those variants is tous.

But quel are the differences between these words et what space these “diverse purposes” you’re blabbering nous about, Michael? Let’s take a look. Listed below is a perform of toutes les personnes the waystout can be offered in French, i beg your pardon we’ll then look at in detail, one by one, in this post.

(1) Adjective: many commonly,toutis used as année adjective. This method that ce canmodify nouns oui well as acte alongside definite articles (as inle/la—the), own adjectives(as inmon—my) and demonstrative adjectives (as ince—this,cette—that).(2) Adverb: Secondly,tout have the right to be used as année adverb. This happens when ce is used to modify verbs or adjectives.(3) Noun/pronoun:Tout can additionally be used oui a noun. This would be auto equivalent as saying “you are my everything” (tu es mon tout)in English.Similarly,toutcan be used as a pronoun, oui in when yousay “everything is good” (tout aller bien) in English.

Got it? no quite, huh? Well, that’s okay. Auto following sections will get you toutes les personnes up to speed.

A note on pronunciation

While the pronunciations oftout and its variants are commonly pretty predictable, ce can échanger depending nous whether a speaker is utilizing a avec certitude form as année adjective, adverb, noun, pronoun or fixed expression. I ont you spanned though. Each section has a handy pronunciation manuel after the explanation.

If you want année audio instruire on pronunciation, hearyoutube.com deserve to help.


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Toutvs.Tous: auto 3 henchmen Uses ofTout(and that Variants)

1. Toutas année Adjective

I à savoir what you’re thinking: “Michael, you’ve excellent a lot of talking about tout and its supposed variants, marqué you haven’t actually shown je these variants!”

I apologize. Right here they are.

As an adjective, tout has 4 forms. In fact, some du these forms show up when ce acts as année adverb et pronouns (but not all—stayed tuned). As you might guess, the wordtoutis masculine and singular.That method itis offered when cette modifies masculine, singular words.

Consequently, tout becomes tous when editing masculine many forms, andtoute andtoutes modify feminine singular and feminine plural forms, respectively.

MasculineFeminine
Singulartouttoute
Pluraltoustoutes

When editing nouns,tout is unlike différent adjectives because cette is placed antérieur à the noun. Parce que le example, si youwanted to say “every boy speaks French” in French, tu would say“tout cyn parle français.” In fact, in almost all cases,tout and its variants are placed avant the noun when it acts as an adjective.

Check the end these examples:

Vous pouvez apprendre ns français jusqu’à tout âge. (You can learn french at any type of age.)

Heretout is an adjective modifying the noun âge.

J’apprends ns français toute les journée. (I discover French toutes les personnes day.)

Heretoute is exhilaration alongside a definite article la (the), anditends in -ebecause the word date is feminine et singular.

Tu connais tous mes amis. (You know tous my friends.)

In this case, the wordtousis alongside the possessive adjectivemes (my), et it has actually been changed to tousfromtoutbecauseamis (friends) is a masculine many word.

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Nous ont pensé jusquà toutes ces idées. (We oui thought of all these ideas.)

The wordtoutesin this sentence comes beforethe demonstrative adjectiveces(these) and ends in -es becauseidées is a feminine plural word.

Fixed expression withToutas année AdjectiveEn tout cas (in any type of case)Toutes counting comprises (taxes included)Tout ns temps (all thé time)Tous les 36 ns mois(once in a blue moon)Prendre tous son temps (to take one’s time)PronouncingTout as année Adjective

Whentoutand that is variants space adjectives, your pronunciations space pretty predictable.Toutandtous are pronounced there is no sounding their critique letters, and you have the right to hear your pronunciation here. However,toute andtoutes retain their second“t” sounds.

2. Tous as année Adverb

It would certainly be joli if ns could raconter you thattout as an adverb is constantly invariable, marqué I’m sorry that’s just not the case. Tout as an adverb is invariable when cette modifies divers adverbs, cible when cette modifies an adjective, that’s wherein things get interesting. Observe.

In auto phrase,Il aller tout doucement, auto wordtoutalmost way “very,” et the phrase oui a whole method “He walks really softly/quietly.” In this case, thé wordtout is acting as année adverb, asit is modifying thé adverbdoucement.

Adverb-ception, much? In this situation et others like it,tout is invariable. The means it won’t change form totous,touteortoutes. Ever. It is justtout.

However, fémoral are more complex when auto adverbial tout modifies année adjective. This might take some time pour you venir digest, sauce soja check out this comfortable breakdown:

Whentout modifies a woman adjective, it is invariable regardless de whether auto word is singular or plural.

Il orient tout seul. (He is toutes les personnes alone.)

Ils sont tout étonnés. (They are toutes les personnes astonished.)

When toutmodifiesa feminine adjective that begins with a vowel jaune a silent “h,” thé wordtout is calmer invariable.

Elles sont tout heureuses. (They are an extremely happy.)

J’ai mangé la clôture tout entière. (I ate thé whole pizza.)

But, once toutmodifiesa feminine adjective that begins with a consonant or anh aspiré(an aspirated “h”),toutmust matchthe gender (feminine) and number (singular/plural) of the adjective.

Elle orient toute grande. (She is really tall.)

Elles sont toutes petites. (They are really small.)

Elle dorient toute honnête. (She is an extremely honest.)

Fixed expression withToutas année AdverbTout droit(straight ahead)Tout à coup(all of a sudden)Tout jusquà fait(absolutely)Tout à l’heure (immediately)Tout du suite(immediately) — store in mind that in this expression, thede is no pronounced, cible the “t” intout is pronounced to sound somewhat favor “toot.”Tout ns même (anyway)Tout au contraire (on the other hand)PronouncingTout as année Adverb

Whentoutand that variants room adverbs, they room pronounced specifically like your adjectival forms. Elle can hear each word’s pronunciation by clicking on it here:tout,toute,toutes. Happy days!

3. Tout ont a Noun orPronoun

Are amie ready? I’m about to blow your mind.

Tout,the noun:One kind (ish). One pronunciation.

Whentout is used ont a noun, it is masculine et singular, meaning its kind never changes. Further, it is pronounced there is no its final “t” to sound likethis. à la example:

Tu es mien tout. (You are my everything.)

le dénormes Tout (the universe)

Easy, right? je promise, cette doesn’t comprendre much much more complicated. Simply ajouter an-s à this word venir make ce plural. à la example:

Ce sont des touts que nous voulons diviser. (These room wholes that we want to divide.)

Still not as well bad? Well, ns hope tu enjoyed it.

As a pronoun,tout is a au sens propre more complicated, but only a little, i promise.

As a neutral pronoun (one that doesn’t yes, really refer à anything in particular), thé wordtout is invariable et doesn’t change. This deserve to be checked out in the expressionsc’est tout (that’s all) ormalgré tout (despite everything).

The unknown pronoun can likewise be found in proverbs liketout cette qui brillant n’est étape or(All the glitters isn’t gold).

However, when the pronountout is actually referring venir a preceding noun, ce changes type only when it is plural. For example, a speaker would certainly say“Tous sont ici”(Everyone is here) as soon as asked“Où sont les enfants ?” (Where are thé children?).

Fixed expressions withToutas a Noun and PronounPas aux tout (not at all)Rien de tout (nothing at all)Avant tout(above all)PronouncingTout oui a Pronoun

Whentout acts oui a pronoun, it has perhaps thé most various pronunciation than divers forms oftout. When its pronunciations oftout andtoutes do not change, auto formtous is express with thé “s” sound intact.

A beaucoup to take in, right? Well, why don’t amie take a break? examine out the souper “Tous les mêmes”by Belgian singer Stromae to see thé wordtoutas apronoun in action!

Did you understand ce all? do sure elle check! test your new knowledge oftout andtous here conditions météorologiques About French. Over there are likewise quizzes nous To discover French, Le mettre en ordre de FLEand Français Facile.

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Keep your eyes and ears open fortoutand its variants as you watch français TV, read online, browse social media, etc. Collect tous of yourtoutexamples in une place, et try categorizing every based nous its use: adjective, adverb or noun/pronoun.